Perception of Illness, Coping Style, and Magical Ideation in Patients with Breast Cancer
Yasemin KOÇYİĞİT1,Ayşe Gökçen GÜNDOĞMUŞ1,Başaran DEMİR2
1Department of Mental Health and Diseases, University of Health Sciences, Diskapi Yildirim Beyazit Training and Research Hospital, Ankara-Turkey
2Department of Mental Health and Diseases, Hacettepe University, Ankara-Turkey
DOI : 10.5505/tjo.2021.2642 OBJECTIVE
Breast cancer patients usually have psychological symptoms related with their perceptions of cancer. In our study, we aimed to investigate perception of illness, coping styles, and magical ideation of breast cancer patients, to compare their coping styles and magical ideation with healthy controls, and to investigate the relationships between these parameters.

The study included 51 breast cancer patients and 79 people as control group. The Revised Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ-R) was given cancer patients and Coping Orientation to Problems Experienced Inventory and The Magical Ideation Scale (MIS) were given both patients and healthy controls.

IPQ-R personal control perception and treatment control mean scores were higher than the other subdimension scores. Personal attributions and luck have been reported as the primarily cause of illness by patients. MIS scores were higher in the control group than patients. Emotion-focused coping scores were significantly lower in the cancer group than control group. A significant positive correlation has been found between the emotion-focused coping and cognitive representations and causal attributions.

Understanding how patients perceive the disease, their causal attributions and coping styles provides useful information to psychiatrists in planning psychosocial interventions. Keywords : Breast cancer; coping style; ilness perception; magical ideation; psychiatry